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Vet Microbiol. 2010 May 19;142(3-4):205-10. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2009.09.064. Epub 2009 Oct 20.

Detection of H6 influenza antibody by blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

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School of Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.


Low pathogenic H6N1 avian influenza viruses (AIVs) have circulated in domestic chickens since 1972 in Taiwan. Detection of avian influenza (AI) antibody is a routine work for AI control in Taiwan. The currently available commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) are unable to differentiate antibody responses between different subtypes. To this end, a panel of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to A/chicken/Taiwan/2838V/00 (H6N1) was developed and implemented a blocking ELISA (bELISA) to detect the H6 antibody. These mAbs were confirmed specific to H6 AIVs. One monoclonal antibody was purified and labeled with horseradish peroxidase to set up a bELISA. The cut-off value was calculated to be 30% inhibition percentage from 138 H6-negative sera. The sensitivity and specificity of the bELISA were 100% and 97%, respectively. The bELISA detected seroconversion in H6-infected farms earlier than hemagglutination inhibition test. The results show that this bELISA could be used to detect H6 infection in the field.

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