Send to

Choose Destination
Methods Enzymol. 2009;465:331-47. doi: 10.1016/S0076-6879(09)65017-5.

Controlling the in vivo activity of Wnt liposomes.

Author information

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.


Liposomes offer a method of delivering small molecules, nucleic acids, and proteins to sites within the body. Typically, bioactive materials are encapsulated within the liposomal aqueous core and liposomal phase transition is elicited by pH or temperature changes. We developed a new class of liposomes for the in vivo delivery of lipid-modified proteins. First, we show that the inclusion of a chromophore into the liposomal or vesosomal membrane renders these lipid vesicles extremely sensitive to very small (muJ) changes in energy. Next, we demonstrate that the lipid-modified Wnt protein is not encapsulated within a liposome but rather is tethered to the exoliposomal surface in an active configuration. When applied to intact skin, chromophore-modified liposomes do not penetrate past the corneal layer of the epidermis, but remain localized to the site of application. Injury to the epidermis allows rapid penetration of liposomes into the dermis, which suggests that mild forms of dermabrasion will greatly enhance transdermal delivery of liposome-packaged molecules. Finally, we demonstrate that topical application of Wnt3a liposomes rapidly stimulates proliferation of cells in the corneal layer, resulting in a thicker, more fibrillous epidermis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center