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Acta Paediatr. 2010 Nov;99(11):1630-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2009.01597.x.

Randomized controlled trial of early skin-to-skin contact: effects on the mother and the newborn.

Author information

1
Pediatrics, Hospital Madrid-Torrelodones, Madrid, Spain. pedmgma@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate the influence of skin-to-skin care on the thermal regulation of the infant and the rate of breastfeeding at different points of time. We also aim to establish whether skin-to-skin contact reduces maternal pain during episiotomy repair and decreases the time to expel the placenta.

METHODS:

A randomized control study was performed with 137 patients in each branch of the study. Differences between the study groups were analysed with the unpaired t-test, Fisher test or chi-square test as appropriate.

RESULTS:

Greater thermal stability in the skin-to-skin care group was found where an average temperature rise of 0.07°C was observed. Mothers in the skin-to-skin care group exclusively breastfed more frequently at discharge. Mean time to expel the placenta was lesser in the skin-to-skin care group.

CONCLUSION:

This study shows that skin-to-skin care implies better thermal regulation and a better proportion of exclusive breastfeeding at hospital discharge.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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