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Int J Infect Dis. 2010 Jun;14(6):e479-82. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2009.07.011. Epub 2009 Nov 11.

Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis: a review of 43 cases.

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Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.



Chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis (CNPA) is uncommon, and the optimal therapeutic regimen has not been established. In a retrospective cohort study, we investigated the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with CNPA.


We reviewed the medical records of all patients who had been diagnosed with CNPA at our institution over the last 10 years.


Forty-three patients were identified. Their median age was 60 years (interquartile range (IQR) 45-65 years), and 34 (79%) of the patients were men. The most common underlying lung disease was pulmonary tuberculosis (n=40, 93%). After CNPA was diagnosed, all patients were treated with antifungal drugs, including oral itraconazole (n=39, 91%) or intravenous amphotericin B (n=4, 9%). Seventeen (40%) patients discontinued therapy early (<3 months), 14 patients due to death and three to loss of follow-up. Twenty-six (60%) patients received oral itraconazole at a daily dose of 200-400mg for more than 3 months. The median treatment duration was 6 months (IQR 6-12 months). In these 26 patients, clinical improvement was observed in 15 (58%) and radiological improvement was observed in 11 (42%). Ten (38%) patients showed no improvement. Twenty-two (51%) patients died, including 18 (42%) CNPA-related deaths, during a median follow-up of 15 months (IQR 2.5-32 months). The median survival time was 62 months.


CNPA is difficult to treat and often has a poor outcome. Further studies with more patients are needed to identify the optimal therapy for patients with CNPA.

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