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Gastroenterology. 2010 Feb;138(2):469-77, 477.e1. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2009.10.055. Epub 2009 Nov 10.

Postprandial changes in small bowel water content in healthy subjects and patients with irritable bowel syndrome.

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1
Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre NIHR Biomedical Research Unit, Queen's Medical Centre Campus, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Postprandial symptoms are common in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) and could be diet related. We studied postprandial changes in distribution of water in the upper gastrointestinal tract of healthy volunteers (HVs) and patients with IBS-D after contrasting meals.

METHODS:

In study 1, 11 HVs consumed 350-mL test meals with 5% mannitol (unabsorbable) or 5% glucose (readily absorbed). In study 2, 17 HVs consumed a 331-kcal meal, with or without 15 g bran. In study 3, 26 patients with IBS-D consumed the study 2 diet with bran meal. All subjects underwent serial magnetic resonance imaging analysis.

RESULTS:

In study 1, subjects' small bowel water content (SBWC) increased after the mannitol but not glucose meals, reaching 381 mL (interquartile range, 343-491 mL) and 47 mL (18-78 mL), respectively, 40 minutes after eating (P < .001). In study 2, SBWC initially decreased after both meal types and then increased, plateauing at 180-405 minutes and was greater after the bran meal (P = .02). In study 3, fasting and postprandial SBWC was lower in IBS-D than in HVs (P < .05 and P < .0001, respectively). Patients with IBS-D had faster orocecal transit times (135 minutes; 90-180 minutes) compared with HVs (225 minutes; 203-293 minutes; P < .0001) and reduced terminal ileum diameter (P < .003).

CONCLUSIONS:

Postprandial SBWC initially decreases, because of rapid, nutrient-driven fluid absorption, and then increases after a mixed liquid/solid meal. Patients with IBS-D have reduced fasting and postprandial SBWC with faster transit, possibly indicating increased small intestinal tone.

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PMID:
19909743
DOI:
10.1053/j.gastro.2009.10.055
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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