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Opt Express. 2009 Sep 28;17(20):18330-9. doi: 10.1364/OE.17.018330.

Frequency tunable near-infrared metamaterials based on VO2 phase transition.

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California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Boulevard, Pasadena, California, USA.


Engineering metamaterials with tunable resonances from mid-infrared to near-infrared wavelengths could have far-reaching consequences for chip based optical devices, active filters, modulators, and sensors. Utilizing the metal-insulator phase transition in vanadium oxide (VO(2)), we demonstrate frequency-tunable metamaterials in the near-IR range, from 1.5 - 5 microns. Arrays of Ag split ring resonators (SRRs) are patterned with e-beam lithography onto planar VO(2) and etched via reactive ion etching to yield Ag/VO(2) hybrid SRRs. FTIR reflection data and FDTD simulation results show the resonant peak position red shifts upon heating above the phase transition temperature. We also show that, by including coupling elements in the design of these hybrid Ag/VO(2) bi-layer structures, we can achieve resonant peak position tuning of up to 110 nm.

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