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Opt Express. 2009 Sep 28;17(20):17983-8. doi: 10.1364/OE.17.017983.

Ultraviolet-visible non-supercontinuum ultrafast source enabled by switching single silicon strand-like photonic crystal fibers.

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  • 1Biophotonics Imaging Laboratory, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.


Cherenkov radiation from short photonic crystal fiber with a high air-fill fraction can selectively convert the 1020 nm fs pump pulses from a laser oscillator to the fundamental-mode signal pulses at a significantly shorter wavelength. Across the ultraviolet-visible spectral region, the typical fiber output is characterized by a single isolated Cherenkov band having a multimilliwatt-level average power, a Gaussian-shaped spectrum, and a 3-dB bandwidth of 15 nm. By selecting photonic crystal fibers with smaller cores, the central wavelength of the Cherenkov band can be easily extended to 347 nm in the ultraviolet, in sharp contrast to various supercontinuum or non-supercontinuum fiber sources that have difficulty extending their emission spectra below 400 nm. The supercontinuum generation often associated with fs pulse-pumped fibers is efficiently suppressed by detuning the zero-dispersion wavelength of the photonic crystal fiber far shorter than the pump wavelength, a condition termed as the short nonlinear-interaction condition.

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