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Retrovirology. 2009 Nov 11;6:103. doi: 10.1186/1742-4690-6-103.

Comparative biochemical analysis of HIV-1 subtype B and C integrase enzymes.

Author information

1
McGill University AIDS Centre, Lady Davis Institute-Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. tamara.bar-magen@mail.mcgill.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Integrase inhibitors are currently being incorporated into highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Due to high HIV variability, integrase inhibitor efficacy must be evaluated against a range of integrase enzymes from different subtypes.

METHODS:

This study compares the enzymatic activities of HIV-1 integrase from subtypes B and C as well as susceptibility to various integrase inhibitors in vitro. The catalytic activities of both enzymes were analyzed in regard to each of 3' processing and strand transfer activities both in the presence and absence of the integrase inhibitors raltegravir (RAL), elvitegravir (EVG), and MK-2048.

RESULTS:

Our results show that integrase function is similar with enzymes of either subtype and that the various integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) that were employed possessed similar inhibitory activity against both enzymes.

CONCLUSION:

This suggests that the use of integrase inhibitors against HIV-1 subtype C will result in comparable outcomes to those obtained against subtype B infections.

PMID:
19906306
PMCID:
PMC2779801
DOI:
10.1186/1742-4690-6-103
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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