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Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2009;51(11):813-20.

[Addiction and recidivism in forensic psychiatry].

[Article in Dutch]

Author information

1
Ministerie van Justitie, Dienst Justitiƫle Inrichtingen, Den Haag. ebrand@dji.minjus.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prevalence of addiction in forensic psychiatric patients (adolescents and adults) is unknown. Published figures are nearly always based on estimates or on old or select samples.

AIM:

To determine the importance of addiction as a risk factor for recidivism in forensic psychiatric patients in the Netherlands and to determine the prevalence of addiction in this group and the prevalence of drug intoxication in group-members at the time they committed the offence.

METHOD:

We analysed one database relating to forensic psychiatric adolescents and two sets of data relating to tbs-patients (tbs='detained at her Majesty's pleasure').

RESULTS:

The prevalence of addiction among forensic psychiatric patients could only be given approximately, but it was certainly high (more than 60%). Substance abuse or addiction often played a major role (in more than 30% of cases) at the time the offence was committed for which the detention order was issued.

CONCLUSION:

Because substance abuse often played a role in the delinquent behaviour that led to the detention order, it may also be a risk factor for recidivism. More research is needed so that we can increase our knowledge about the most effective ways of treating substance abuse.

PMID:
19904706
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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