Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Cancer Res. 2009 Nov;7(11):1745-55. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-08-0325. Epub 2009 Nov 10.

Critical role of endogenous heme oxygenase 1 as a tuner of the invasive potential of prostate cancer cells.

Author information

Department of Biological Chemistry, School of Sciences, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.


Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second leading cause of cancer-associated death in men. Inflammation has been recognized as a risk factor for this disease. Heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), the inducible isoform of the rate-limiting enzyme in heme degradation, counteracts oxidative and inflammatory damage. Here, we investigated the regulated expression of HO-1 and its functional consequences in PCa. We studied the effect of genetic and pharmacologic disruption of HO-1 in the growth, invasion, and migration in androgen-sensitive (MDA PCa2b and LNCaP) and androgen-insensitive (PC3) PCa cell lines. Our results show that HO-1 levels are markedly decreased in PC3 compared with MDA PCa2b and LNCaP. Hemin treatment increased HO-1 at both protein and mRNA levels in all cell lines and decreased cell proliferation and invasion. Furthermore, overexpression of HO-1 in PC3 resulted in markedly reduced cell proliferation and migration. Accordingly, small interfering RNA-mediated silencing of HO-1 expression in MDA PCa2b cells resulted in increased proliferation and invasion. Using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR-generated gene array, a set of inflammatory and angiogenic genes were upregulated or downregulated in response to HO-1 overexpression identifying matrix metalloprotease 9 (MMP9) as a novel downstream target of HO-1. MMP9 production and activity was downregulated by HO-1 overexpression. Furthermore, PC3 cells stably transfected with HO-1 (PC3HO-1) and controls were injected into nu/nu mice for analysis of in vivo tumor xenograft phenotype. Tumor growth and MMP9 expression was significantly reduced in PC3HO-1 tumors compared with control xenografts. Taken together, these results implicate HO-1 in PCa cell migration and proliferation suggesting its potential role as a therapeutic target in clinical settings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center