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J Biol Chem. 1991 Feb 5;266(4):2313-9.

Covalent structure, disulfide bonding, and identification of reactive surface and active site residues of human prostatic acid phosphatase.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907.


The pairing of the half-cysteine residues of human prostatic acid phosphatase was established by proteolytic digestion and analysis of the resulting peptide mixtures by fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry (FAB-MS). An independently derived, full length cDNA clone was used as the basis for the interpretation of the FAB-MS data. The sequence of the native protein is that predicted from the present cDNA sequence, except for the carboxyl-terminal end and some possible post-translational deamidations. Isolated human prostatic acid phosphatase was found to have multiple carboxyl-terminal ends, terminating in Thr, Glu, and Asp, corresponding to residues 349-351 of the 354-residue protein that is predicted from the cDNA sequence after removal of a leader peptide. The protein contains no free sulfhydryl groups. The identical monomer chains of the dimeric native enzyme are found to contain three disulfide bonds, specifically Cys-129 to Cys-340, Cys-183 to Cys-281, and Cys-315 to Cys-319. In view of the conserved positions of cysteines in the homologous human and rat liver lysosomal acid phosphatases, an identical disulfide bonding pattern may be predicted for those proteins. The location of a potential antigenic site was established by selective labeling of proximate tyrosine residues predicted to be on the surface. A conserved RHGXRXP sequence is present in the prostatic, lysosomal, Escherichia coli, and yeast acid phosphatases and is predicted to be of mechanistic significance. In addition, residue Arg-54 is shown to be an active site residue by reaction of the enzyme with phenylglyoxal. Interestingly, this residue is present in a sequence RXRY (R,H) that is also present in lysosomal phosphatase and in recently described protein tyrosine phosphatases.

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