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Neuropsychology. 2009 Nov;23(6):746-58. doi: 10.1037/a0016583.

The utility of intraindividual variability in selective attention tasks as an early marker for Alzheimer's disease.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA. jduchek@wustl.edu

Abstract

This study explored differences in intraindividual variability in 3 attention tasks across a large sample of healthy older adults and individuals with very mild dementia of the Alzheimer's type (DAT). Three groups of participants (healthy young adults, healthy older adults, very mild DAT) were administered 3 experimental measures of attentional selection and switching (Stroop, Simon, task switching). The results indicated that a measure of intraindividual variability, coefficient of variation (CoV; SD/M), increased across age and early stage DAT. The CoV in Stroop discriminated the performance of epsilon4 carriers from noncarriers in healthy older controls and the CoV in task switching was correlated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers predictive of DAT.

PMID:
19899833
PMCID:
PMC2779520
DOI:
10.1037/a0016583
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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