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Endocrinology. 1991 Feb;128(2):728-34.

Inhibition of mitogen-stimulated proliferation of murine splenocytes by a novel neuropeptide, pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide: a comparative study with vasoactive intestinal peptide.

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U.S.-Japan Biomedical Research Laboratories, Tulane University Hebert Center, Belle Chasse, Louisiana 70037.


Two novel polypeptides known as pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide with 38 residues (PACAP38) and a shorter form of the peptide corresponding to the N-terminal 27 residues (PACAP27) were isolated from ovine hypothalamus. The N-terminal 28 residues of PACAP show 68% homology with vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP). VIP has been reported to have specific binding sites in lymphocytes and inhibit mitogen-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation through a receptor-mediated stimulation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Using concanavalin A-induced proliferation of murine splenocytes as a model system, we now report that both PACAP38 and PACAP 27 can inhibit the proliferation of these cells in the same dose-dependent manner as VIP. The minimal effective concentration of the PACAPs was 10(-10)-10(-9) M. However, neither PACAP affected lipopolysaccharide-induced proliferation of murine splenocytes. The binding of [125I]PACAP27 to these splenocytes was rapid, time dependent, reversible, and proportional to the numbers of murine splenocytes. Scatchard analysis of displacement of the bound tracer by unlabeled PACAP27 indicated the existence of two classes of binding sites. The dissociation constant (Kd) was 0.86 +/- 0.24 nM and the maximal binding capacity (Bmax) was 1.13 +/- 0.39 fmol/10(6) cells for the high affinity binding site. The low affinity binding site had a Kd of 0.13 +/- 0.03 microM with a Bmax of 73.5 +/- 9.5 fmol/10(6) cells. PACAP38 and VIP displaced the binding of [125I]PACAP27 in the same manner as PACAP27 and Scatchard analyses indicated the presence of two classes of binding sites with Kd and Bmax similar to those for PACAP27. Furthermore, when [125I]VIP was used as a radiolabeled ligand, PACAP27 and PACAP38 displaced the [125I]VIP binding to the same degree as unlabeled VIP. Scatchard analysis indicated that there was no significant difference of the Kd or Bmax between PACAP and VIP. Taken together, these data suggest that PACAPs bind to a site similar or identical to that used by VIP which inhibit the proliferation of murine splenocytes induced by concanavalin A.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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