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Biosens Bioelectron. 2010 Jan 15;25(5):1248-51. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2009.10.002. Epub 2009 Oct 12.

Carbon nanotubes as electrode modifier promoting direct electron transfer from Shewanella oneidensis.

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School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore.


This study compared voltammetric behavior and catalytic current generation of Shewanella oneidensis on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) with and without carbon nanotube (CNT) modifier. A bare GCE in an electrochemical cell inoculated with S. oneidensis delivered a low current density of 0.117+/-0.006 microA/cm(2) after being anodically polarized for 15h. Cyclic voltammogram suggested current generation could be attributed to S. oneidensis's cell surface cytochromes. But the cytochromes demonstrated irreversible electrochemistry, where electro-oxidation was inhibited. Modification of the working electrode with CNTs transformed such rectification behavior. Additionally, the kinetics of electron transfer (ET) between cell surface cytochrome and electrode was enhanced, it was characterized by reduced oxidative/reductive peak separation. The heterogeneous ET rate constant was estimated to be 1.25 s(-1) with the modified electrode. The promoting effect of CNTs directly raised current density to 9.70+/-0.40 microA/cm(2), a level 82 times greater than that of the original. The CNTs may have similar promoting effects towards exocellular ET of other exoelectrogens.

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