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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2010 Feb 5;315(1-2):95-103. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2009.10.014. Epub 2009 Nov 6.

Regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis in vitro by IGF-I and insulin in common carp, Cyprinus carpio: stimulation of aromatase activity and P450arom gene expression.

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1
Endocrinology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani 741235, West Bengal, India.

Abstract

Regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis in vitro by recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and bovine insulin (b-insulin) was investigated in intact follicles and isolated follicular cells of carp, Cyprinus carpio at vitellogenic stage of oocyte maturation. In intact follicles, IGF-I and b-insulin stimulated testosterone and 17beta-estradiol production in vitro. In isolated theca cells, IGF-I and b-insulin stimulated testosterone production, whereas in granulosa cells, they stimulated 17beta-estradiol production when testosterone was added in the incubation medium as precursor substrate. In intact follicles and in theca cells, IGF-I and b-insulin had no effect on HCG-stimulated testosterone production. HCG-stimulated 17beta-estradiol production, however, was significantly increased by IGF-I and b-insulin. To clarify the mechanism of 17beta-estradiol production by the ovarian follicles during vitellogenic stage of carp, effects of IGF-I and b-insulin either alone or in combination with HCG on aromatase activity (conversion of testosterone to 17beta-estradiol) and cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450arom) gene expression were investigated in vitro. IGF-I and b-insulin alone stimulated aromatase activity and P450arom gene expression and significantly enhanced HCG-induced enzyme activity and P450arom gene expression. Our results thus indicate that IGF-I and b-insulin alone can stimulate testosterone and 17beta-estradiol production in vitellogenic follicles of C. carpio by stimulating aromatase activity and P450arom gene expression. Evidence also provided for the modulation of HCG-induced aromatase activity and P450arom gene expression by IGF-I and b-insulin in such follicles.

PMID:
19897011
DOI:
10.1016/j.mce.2009.10.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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