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Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2010 Mar;73(3):370-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2009.09.020. Epub 2009 Nov 7.

Short-term exposure to sublethal tebuconazole induces physiological impairment in male zebrafish (Danio rerio).

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  • 1Laboratory for Ecotoxicology, Department of Functional Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Valencia, Dr. Moliner-50, E46100-Burjassot (Valencia), Spain.


The aim of the present study was to assess the physiological response of male zebrafish Danio rerio to the fungicide tebuconazole and recovery in fungicide-free water. Acute toxicity tests were carried out and the median lethal concentration (LC(50)) from 24 to 96 h was calculated. The fish were exposed to a sublethal fungicide concentration of 230 microg/L for 7 or 14 days and allowed to recover for 7 or 14 more days, respectively. Whole-body levels of vitellogenins, triglycerides, cholesterol, glucose, lactate and proteins as well as the activities gamma-glutamil transpeptidase (gamma-GT), alanin aminotransferase (AlAT), alkaline phosphatase (AP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were assayed; corpulence factor (k) was also calculated. Fish exhibited significant increase of vitellogenins (Vtg), which continued to increase after 14 days of recovery. Levels of glucose, lactate, cholesterol and triglycerides increased after 7 and 14 days of exposure. Finally, cholesterol and glucose recovered after 14 days of recovery whereas triglycerides and lactate continued to be elevated. Proteins and k remained unaltered the entire experiments. AAT, AlAT and AP enhanced during exposure and did not recover at the end (except AlAT). A longer recovery period should be necessary to re-establish fish physiology. These results alert about the multiple disruptive physiological actions that tebuconazole may have on fish.

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