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Hum Pathol. 2010 Mar;41(3):358-65. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2009.08.008. Epub 2009 Nov 6.

Overexpression of cell division cycle 7 homolog is associated with gene amplification frequency in breast cancer.

Author information

1
Institute of Pathology, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany.

Abstract

Cell division cycle 7 is a widely expressed protein kinase implicated in cell division, cell cycle checkpoint mechanisms, and cancer progression. To determine the relationship of cell division cycle 7 protein expression with tumor phenotype, molecular features and prognosis, 2197 highly characterized breast carcinomas were analyzed on a tissue microarray. Detectable cell division cycle 7 expression was found in 1088 (57%) of breast cancer specimens and 228 (11.9%) exhibited a moderate or strong expression. High levels of cell division cycle 7 expression were significantly related to medullary histotype (P < .0001); high tumor grade (P < .0001); negative estrogen receptor status (P < .0001); high Ki67 expression level (P < .0001); p53 and p16 overexpression (P < .0001); and amplification of HER2 (P < .0001), c-myc (P < .0001), MDM2 (P = .043), CCND1 (P = .0084), and ESR1 (P = .0012) as well as with the number of amplified genes (P < .0001). There was also a tendency towards worse prognosis in cell division cycle 7 positive as compared to negative breast cancers. The relationship between cell division cycle 7 and number of amplifications was independent from tumor proliferation raising the possibility of a direct influence of cell division cycle 7 expression for amplification development. In conclusion, cell division cycle 7 is a replication associated protein with relationships to gene amplification and genomic instability in breast carcinomas. These data support the potential utility of newly developed small molecule cell division cycle 7 inhibitors as a therapeutic alternative in at least a subset of breast carcinomas.

PMID:
19896697
DOI:
10.1016/j.humpath.2009.08.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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