Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer Commun. 1991 Jan;3(1):21-7.

Antibody-mediated delivery of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha): improvement of cytotoxicity and reduction of cellular resistance.

Author information

Department of Clinical Immunology and Biological Therapy, University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030.


Recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a macrophage-derived, non-glycosylated (17 kDa) peptide that has a remarkably broad range of biological and immunological effects including antiviral action and cytotoxic and cytostatic effects. TNF-alpha was coupled to murine antibody ZME-018, which recognizes a 240 kDa glycoprotein present on over 80% of melanoma cells. The crosslinking was accomplished using the heterobifunctional crosslinking reagent, N-succimindyl 3-(2-pyridyldithio)proprionate (SPDP). After purification on gel-permeation and affinity columns, the resulting eluate was analyzed by non-reducing SDS-PAGE, which confirmed that the product was a mixture of ZME-018 coupled to one or two TNF-alpha molecules. The ZME-TNF conjugate was titered against murine L-929 cells to demonstrate the presence of active TNF. ELISA of the conjugate against target BRO human melanoma cells or non-target T-24 cells demonstrated specific binding only to target cells. Melanoma BRO cells were killed by the immunoconjugate (IC50 of 10 units/mL), whereas native TNF-alpha had no effect at concentrations greater than 50,000 units/mL. The immunoconjugate and TNF-alpha were inactive against T-24 non-target cells. These studies suggest that the sensitivity of cells to TNF was dramatically augmented by specific antibody mediated delivery to tumor cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center