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J Acoust Soc Am. 2009 Nov;126(5):2695-708. doi: 10.1121/1.3227640.

Extraction of bowing parameters from violin performance combining motion capture and sensors.

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Department of Speech Music and Hearing, School of Computer Science and Communication, KTH, Lindstedtsvagen 24, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.


A method is described for measurement of a complete set of bowing parameters in violin performance. Optical motion capture was combined with sensors for accurate measurement of the main bowing parameters (bow position, bow velocity, bow acceleration, bow-bridge distance, and bow force) as well as secondary control parameters (skewness, inclination, and tilt of the bow). In addition, other performance features (moments of on/off in bow-string contact, string played, and bowing direction) were extracted. Detailed descriptions of the calculations of the bowing parameters, features, and calibrations are given. The described system is capable of measuring all bowing parameters without disturbing the player, allowing for detailed studies of musically relevant aspects of bow control and coordination of bowing parameters in bowed-string instrument performance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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