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J Acoust Soc Am. 2009 Nov;126(5):2479-89. doi: 10.1121/1.3205404.

Combination of masking releases for different center frequencies and masker amplitude statistics.

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Institut fur Physik, Carl von Ossietzky Universitat Oldenburg, Carl-von-Ossietzky-Strabetae 9-11, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany.


Several masking experiments have shown that the auditory system is able to use coherent envelope fluctuations of the masker across frequency within one ear as well as differences in interaural disparity between signal and masker to enhance signal detection. The two effects associated with these abilities are comodulation masking release (CMR) and binaural masking level difference (BMLD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the combination of CMR and BMLD. Thresholds for detecting a sinusoidal signal were measured in a flanking-band paradigm at three different signal frequencies. The masker was presented diotically, and various interaural phase differences (IPDs) of the signal were used. The masker components were either multiplied or Gaussian narrowband noises. In addition, a transposed stimulus was used to increase the BMLD at a high signal frequency. For all frequencies and masker conditions, thresholds decreased as the signal IPD increased and were lower when the masker components were comodulated. The data show an addition of the monaural and binaural masking releases in decibels when masker conditions with and without comodulation and the same spectrum were compared.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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