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Virology. 1991 Feb;180(2):492-508.

Identification and characterization of the IE-1 gene of Orgyia pseudotsugata multicapsid nuclear polyhedrosis virus.

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Agriculture Canada Research Station, Vancouver, British Columbia.


The IE-1 gene of Orgyia pseudotsugata multicapsid nuclear polyhedrosis virus (OpMNPV) was mapped between 95.7 and 97.1 map units on the viral genome. Sequence analysis of the OpMNPV IE-1 gene (OpIE-1) identified an open reading frame that coded for a predicted protein of 560 amino acids with a molecular weight of 64,775. Transcriptional analysis of OpMNPV-infected Lymantria dispar (LD652Y) cells identified two RNAs homologous to the OpIE-1 open reading frame that were 1.7 and 1.9 kb in size. The 1.7-kb transcript could be detected by 0 hr postinfection (hr p.i.) and the steady-state levels increased up to 48 hr p.i. The 1.9-kb message appears to be spliced and has peak expression from 4 to 6 hr p.i. but can still be detected at late times p.i. Comparison of the OpIE-1 and Autographa californica multicapsid nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) IE-1-predicted proteins revealed that the N-terminal region had very low sequence identity (21%) but had maintained an acidic profile, whereas the C-terminal region showed 55% amino acid identity. Transient assay analysis showed that OpIE-1 was able to trans-activate the AcMNPV delayed early reporter gene construct p39CAT in both LD652Y cells and Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells. The expression of p39CAT trans-activated by OpIE-1 was also found to be enhanced by the AcMNPV hr enhancer sequences. The OpIE-1 promoter was linked to the chloramphenicol acetyl transferase gene and deletion analysis was used to identify regions involved in the regulation of this gene. This analysis revealed that the OpIE-1 promoter contained regions that were responsive to a transcriptional activator that was specific to Sf9 cells. In addition it was shown that OpIE-1 could trans-activate its own promoter and that for maximal expression this required sequences between -420 and -330 relative to the transcriptional start site. These data suggest that OpIE-1 is autoregulated during normal viral infection of insect cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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