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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2010 Jan;108(1):40-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.07.041.

Premenstrual syndrome as reported by Brazilian women.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. cpetta@attglobal.net

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the perspectives and attitudes of Brazilian women toward premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

METHODS:

An exploratory study was conducted in 6 major cities: 1 in each geographic region of Brazil and 1 in the Federal District. Participants were women aged 18-40years who consulted at public healthcare services or who were members of staff/faculty at university.

RESULTS:

Of 1053 women, 96.1% had heard of PMS; 65.4% considered that all or almost all women experienced the condition; 87.5% stated that symptoms occurred prior to menstruation; and 60.3% thought that they had PMS at the time of the interview. The emotional and physical symptoms most frequently mentioned were nervousness/anxiety (76.4%); mood swings/crying (55.7%); pain, swelling, and tenderness of the breasts (37.3%); and cramps (45.4%).

CONCLUSION:

Premenstrual syndrome was reported by a large number of Brazilian women; actions need to be taken to provide more effectively the specific information required by both lay people and healthcare professionals.

PMID:
19892346
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.07.041
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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