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Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2009 Dec;13(4):384-401. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1242191. Epub 2009 Nov 4.

MR imaging of the extensor mechanism.

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Inst. f. CT & MRI at Schillerpark, Linz, Austria.


Sports injuries of the knee involving the extensor mechanism are common. Specific conditions additionally affect the extensor mechanism in adolescents during growth and maturation, and in older patients as a result of degeneration. Prior to the advent of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, the specific anatomical-pathological cause of anterior knee pain was often uncertain, with diagnosis limited to clinical examination and conventional radiographic assessment. MR imaging allows for the accurate and specific diagnosis of pathology of the extensor mechanism, impacting on decision making and clinical treatment of such conditions. In this article the anatomy, normal MR appearance, and common pathological conditions of the extensor mechanism of the knee are described.

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