Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Invest Dermatol. 2010 Mar;130(3):798-803. doi: 10.1038/jid.2009.347. Epub 2009 Nov 5.

Genome-wide association study of generalized vitiligo in an isolated European founder population identifies SMOC2, in close proximity to IDDM8.

Author information

Human Medical Genetics Program, Department of Dermatology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado 80045, USA.


Generalized vitiligo is a common disorder in which patchy loss of skin and hair pigmentation principally appears to result from autoimmune loss of melanocytes from affected regions. We previously characterized a unique founder population in an isolated Romanian community with elevated prevalence of generalized vitiligo and other autoimmune diseases, including autoimmune thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and type I diabetes mellitus. Here, we describe a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of generalized vitiligo in 32 distantly related affected patients from this remote village and 50 healthy controls from surrounding villages. Vitiligo was significantly associated with single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a 30-kb LD block on chromosome 6q27, in close vicinity to IDDM8, a linkage and association signal for type I diabetes mellitus and rheumatoid arthritis. The region of association contains only one gene, SMOC2, within which SNP rs13208776 attained genome-wide significance for association with generalized vitiligo (P=8.51x10(-8)) at odds ratio 7.445 (95% confidence interval=3.56-15.53) for the high-risk allele and population attributable risk 28.00. SMOC2 encodes a modular extracellular calcium-binding glycoprotein of unknown function. Our findings indicate that SMOC2 is a risk locus for generalized vitiligo and perhaps other autoimmune diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center