Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Br J Pharmacol. 2009 Dec;158(7):1808-19. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2009.00461.x.

3-methylcholanthrene and benzo(a)pyrene modulate cardiac cytochrome P450 gene expression and arachidonic acid metabolism in male Sprague Dawley rats.

Author information

1
Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

There is a strong correlation between cytochrome P450 (P450)-dependent arachidonic acid metabolism and the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy. Several aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ligands were found to alter P450-dependent arachidonic acid metabolism. Here, we have investigated the effect of 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC) and benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), two AhR ligands, on the development of cardiac hypertrophy.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

Male Sprague Dawley rats were injected (i.p.) daily with either 3-MC (10 mg kg(-1)) or BaP (20 mg kg(-1)) for 7 days. Then hearts were removed, and the heart to body weight ratio and the gene expression of the hypertrophic markers and P450 genes were determined. Levels of arachidonic acid metabolites were determined by liquid chromatography-electron spray ionization-mass spectrometry.

KEY RESULTS:

Both 3-MC and BaP increased the heart to body weight ratio as well as the hypertrophic markers, atrial natriuretic peptide and brain natriuretic peptide. 3-MC and BaP treatment increased the gene expression of CYP1A1, CYP1B1, CYP2E1, CYP4F4, CYP4F5 and soluble epoxide hydrolase. Both 3-MC and BaP treatments increased the dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) : epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) ratio and the 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) : total EETs ratio. Treatment with benzo(e)pyrene, an isomer of BaP that is a poor ligand for the AhR, did not induce cardiac hypertrophy in rats, confirming the role of AhR in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Treatment with the omega-hydroxylase inhibitor, HET0016, significantly reversed BaP-induced cardiac hypertrophy.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

3-MC and BaP induce cardiac hypertrophy by increasing the ratio of DHETs : EETs and/or the ratio of 20-HETE : total EETs, through increasing soluble epoxide hydrolase activity.

PMID:
19889059
PMCID:
PMC2801222
DOI:
10.1111/j.1476-5381.2009.00461.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center