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Metabolism. 1991 Feb;40(2):175-80.

Fatty acid composition of serum lipids and erythrocyte membranes in type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic men.

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Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czechoslovakia.


The fatty acid (FA) composition of serum lipids and erythrocytes was studied in 21 men with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and in 14 normal subjects matched for age, sex, body weight, and dietary intake. Lower levels of linoleic acid and higher levels of highly unsaturated FA (daughter) of n-3 and n-6 family FA, reflected in a higher unsaturation index, were found in serum phospholipids (S-PL), in phospholipids of erythrocyte membranes (ery-PL), and in serum cholesterolesters (S-CHE). The unsaturation index of serum phospholipids significantly correlated with glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (P less than .05) and blood glucose levels after glucose load (P less than .001). The results suggest that elongation and desaturation of essential FA (linoleic acid in particular) are increased. The above changes may be associated with accelerated atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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