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Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Nov 15;15(22):7077-84. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-09-1214. Epub 2009 Nov 3.

A single supratherapeutic dose of vorinostat does not prolong the QTc interval in patients with advanced cancer.

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  • 1Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, USA.



This dedicated QTc phase I study, conducted in advanced-stage cancer patients, assessed the effect of a single supratherapeutic dose (800 mg) of vorinostat on the QTc interval.


A randomized, partially blind, placebo-controlled, two-period, crossover study was conducted. Patients (n = 25) received single doses of 800 mg vorinostat and placebo in the fasted state. Holter electrocardiogram monitoring was done before each treatment and for 24 h postdose. Blood samples for vorinostat concentration were collected through 24 h postdose following vorinostat treatment only. Prescribed electrocardiogram and blood sampling times were designed to capture the expected C(max) of vorinostat.


Twenty-four of the 25 patients enrolled in the study were included in the QTc analysis. The upper bound of the two-sided 90% confidence interval for the QTcF interval for the placebo-adjusted mean change from baseline of vorinostat was <10 ms at every time point. No patient had a QTcF change from baseline value >30 ms. One patient had QTcF values >450 ms (seen after both vorinostat and placebo administration) and none had values >480 ms. Mean AUC(0-infinity) and C(max) values attained were on the order of approximately 1.93- and approximately 1.41-fold higher, respectively, compared with the 400 mg clinical dose. Based on assessment of clinical and laboratory adverse experiences, single doses of 800 mg vorinostat were generally well tolerated.


Administration of a single supratherapeutic dose of the histone deacetylase inhibitor vorinostat is not associated with prolongation of the QTc interval. A dedicated QTc study in advanced cancer patients is a robust means for assessing risk for ventricular repolarization prolongation.

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