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Br J Sports Med. 2010 Jun;44(8):579-83. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2008.049759. Epub 2009 Nov 3.

Comparison of effects of a home exercise programme and a supervised exercise programme for the management of lateral elbow tendinopathy.

Author information

1
Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Centre, 20 Xinda Street, Athens 11141, Greece. d_stasinopoulos@yahoo.gr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Home and supervised exercise programmes consisting of stretching and eccentric exercises have been recommended for the management of lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET). No studies have examined their comparative efficacy effectiveness.

OBJECTIVE:

In this study, whether a home exercise programme is more successful than a supervised exercise programme in treating patients with LET was investigated.

METHODS:

Patients with unilateral LET for at least 4 weeks were included in this trial. They were sequentially allocated to receive either a home exercise programme or a supervised exercise programme five times a week for 12 weeks. The exercise programme consisted of slow progressive eccentric exercises of wrist extensors and static stretching of the extensor carpi radialis brevis tendon. Outcome measures were pain, using a visual analogue scale, and function, using a visual analogue scale and the pain-free grip strength. Patients were evaluated at baseline, at the end of treatment (week 12), and 3 months (week 24) after the end of treatment.

RESULTS:

70 patients met the inclusion criteria. At the end of treatment, there was a decline in pain and a rise in function in both groups compared with baseline (p<0.0005, paired t test). There were significant differences in the reduction of pain and the improvement of function between the groups at the end of treatment and at the 3-month follow up; the supervised exercise programme produced the largest effect (p<0.0005, independent t test).

CONCLUSIONS:

Supervised exercise programme is superior to home exercise programme to reduce pain and improve function in patients with LET at the end of the treatment and at the follow-up. Further research is needed to confirm our results.

PMID:
19887440
DOI:
10.1136/bjsm.2008.049759
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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