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J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2009 Nov-Dec;20(6):428-41. doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2009.04.003.

Stages of change, decisional balance, and self-efficacy in condom use among rural African-American stimulant users.

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College of Nursing, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS), Little Rock, Arkansas, USA.


This pilot study (a) examined the stages of change (SOC) for condom use with primary and casual partners among rural heterosexual African American stimulant users, (b) identified gender differences in variables associated with SOC, and (c) assessed the association of SOC with decisional balance and self-efficacy. A total of 72 participants completed the study. SOC with a primary partner were much lower than with a casual partner, indicating more consistent condom use with casual partners. Significant gender differences existed in decisional balance for condom use for both primary (p = .02) and casual partners (p =.03), with women having higher decisional balance scores than men. Women also reported higher self-efficacy scores for condom use with casual partners than men. In regression models, age, decisional balance, and self-efficacy were significantly associated with SOC for condom use with a primary partner; however, only self-efficacy was significantly associated with SOC with casual partners. The results provide support for the development of interventions that promote the advantages of and increase self-efficacy for condom use.

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