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J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2007 Sep;1(5):676-84.

Self-measurement of blood glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes: a health economic assessment.

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1
Institute for Medical Informatics and Biostatistics, Basel, Switzerland. weber@imib.ch

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The clinical role and the potential benefit of self-measurement of blood glucose (SMBG) for patients with type 2 diabetes are still under discussion. Even less information is available on the cost-effectiveness of performing SMBG by this patient group. The goal of this study was to establish cost-effectiveness ratios of performing SMBG by patients afflicted by this disease.

METHODS:

We assessed the benefit and cost-effectiveness of SMBG in type 2 diabetes from a third-party payer perspective based on results of both a large epidemiologic cohort study reflecting the reality of care, and a Markov model calculation.

RESULTS:

Analysis of cohort study data revealed that total costs cumulated over the observation period of 8 years were lower in the SMBG group than in the non-SMBG group according to savings of euro 1'714 [oral antidiabetic drugs (OAD) only] and euro 13'815 (OAD + insulin) per patient. Several scenarios were considered in the model-based calculation. The cost-effectiveness ratio varied from euro 20'768/life year gained to domination of SMBG use compared to nonusers in OAD treated patients and from euro 59'057/life year gained to domination of SMBG use compared to nonusers in OAD + insulin treated patients.

CONCLUSION:

Results indicate that SMBG in type 2 diabetes offers an excellent opportunity to get a high investment-outcome ratio in the treatment of this pandemic disease.

KEYWORDS:

CEA; SMBG; cost-effectiveness; costs; diabetes mellitus type 2; self-measurement of blood glucose

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