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J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 2009 Nov;26(11):2466-9. doi: 10.1364/JOSAA.26.002466.

Non-line-of-sight multiscatter propagation model.

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Science School, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410073, China.


A propagation model that describes the characteristics of multiscatter radiation in atmosphere is presented. The model is based on the Monte Carlo method; each scattering process is set as an event of probability. LOWTRAN7 is used to calculate the atmospheric coefficients, and Mie theory is used to calculate the scattering characteristics of the particles. It is shown that the multiscatter model matches the single-scatter model perfectly when the scattering count is 1, and the formula for the single-scatter approximation is modified for the non-line-of-sight (NLOS) problem. It is also shown that the duration of the impulse response is about 8 micros, the proportion of single-scatter irradiance is very small, and the average scattering count is 3.85 instead of 1 when the range is close to 1 km (weather conditions, field of view, and elevation angle are given). All these characteristics are presented for what is, to our knowledge, the first time. This model is wavelength-independent; 0.254 microm is chosen as the wavelength of simulation.


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