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J Physiol Sci. 2010 Jan;60(1):59-66. doi: 10.1007/s12576-009-0066-2. Epub 2009 Nov 3.

Bilateral hyperexcitability of thalamic VPL neurons following unilateral spinal injury in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555-1043, USA. ysgwak@utmb.edU

Abstract

In the present study, we have examined whether spinal hemisection injury induces changes in the electrophysiological properties of thalamic ventral posteriorlateral (VPL) neurons in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to unilateral spinal cord injury by transverse hemisection at the T13 spinal segment. Four weeks after the T13 spinal hemisection, the injured rats displayed robust allodynic behaviors on both sides of hindpaws compared to sham controls (P < 0.05). Extracellular recordings taken 4 weeks after the hemisection revealed that wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons had significantly increased spontaneous and brush-, pressure-, and pinch-evoked activities, respectively, on both sides of the thalamic VPL regions (P < 0.05). In contrast, low threshold (LT) neurons showed only an increase in the brush-evoked activity compared to sham controls (P < 0.05). However, afterdischarge activity in both types of neurons showed no changes. In addition, both sides of the thalamic VPL regions showed higher incidences of WDR neurons. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that spinal unilateral injury induces bilaterally increased evoked activity in thalamic VPL neurons.

PMID:
19882377
DOI:
10.1007/s12576-009-0066-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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