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J Biol Chem. 2010 Jan 1;285(1):511-21. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.059832. Epub 2009 Oct 30.

Efficient glycosynthase mutant derived from Mucor hiemalis endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase capable of transferring oligosaccharide from both sugar oxazoline and natural N-glycan.

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Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan.


Endo-M, an endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase from Mucor hiemalis, is a family 85 glycoside hydrolase. This enzyme is unique in that it can transfer en bloc the oligosaccharide of various types of N-glycans onto different acceptors, and thereby it enzymatically generates diverse glycoconjugates. In this study, we performed mutational and kinetic studies focusing on a key catalytic asparagine 175 of Endo-M. We have shown that most of the Asn-175 mutants had significantly diminished hydrolysis activity but acted as glycosynthases capable of using synthetic sugar oxazoline for transglycosylation. Our results confirm the critical role of this asparagine residue in promoting the formation of an oxazolinium ion intermediate in the first step of the substrate-assisted catalysis. Interestingly, the N175Q mutant was found to possess dramatically enhanced glycosynthase-like activity with sugar oxazoline in comparison with N175A and a transglycosidase-like activity with "natural" N-glycan as well. These results also implicated the significance of amide side chain in the asparagine 175 of Endo-M for promoting oxazoline transglycosylation in the second step of the catalysis. The highly efficient syntheses of glycopeptides/glycoproteins by N175Q combined with synthetic sugar oxazolines or natural N-glycan substrates were exemplified. In addition, we also identified several previously unknown residues that seem to play a role in the catalysis of Endo-M.

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