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Clin Immunol. 2010 Feb;134(2):158-68. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2009.10.001. Epub 2009 Nov 1.

NK cell activation by KIR-binding antibody 1-7F9 and response to HIV-infected autologous cells in viremic and controller HIV-infected patients.

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Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology and Strategic Research Center IRIS, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


Natural killer (NK) cells may be protective in HIV infection and are inhibited by killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) interacting with MHC class I molecules, including HLA-C. Retention of HLA-C despite downregulation of other MHC class I molecules on HIV infected cells might protect infected cells from NK cell recognition in vitro. To assess the role of inhibitory HLA-C ligands in the capacity of NK cells to recognize autologous infected T cells, we measured NK cell degranulation in vitro in viremic patients, controllers with low viremia, and healthy donors. No difference in NK cell response to uninfected compared to HIV-1(IIIB) infected targets was observed. Activation of NK cells was regulated by KIRs, because NK cell degranulation was increased by 1-7F9, a human antibody that binds KIR2DL1/L2/L3 and KIR2DS1/S2, and this effect was most pronounced in KIR haplotype B individuals.

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