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Gait Posture. 2010 Jan;31(1):9-12. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2009.08.003. Epub 2009 Oct 31.

The effect of gait velocity on calcaneal balance at heel strike; Implications for orthotic prescription in injury prevention.

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Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia.


Exercise related lower limb injuries (ERLLI), are common in the recreational and competitive sporting population. Although ERLLI are thought to be multi-factorial in aetiology, one of the critical predisposing factors is known to gait abnormality. There is little published evidence comparing walking and running gait in the same subjects, and no evidence on the effect of gait velocity on calcaneal pronation, even though this may have implications for orthotic prescription and injury prevention. In this study, the walking and running gait of 50 physically active subjects was assessed using pressure plate analysis. The results show that rearfoot pronation occurs on foot contact in both running and walking gait, and that there is significantly more rearfoot pronation in walking gait (p<0.01). The difference in the magnitude of rearfoot pronation affected foot orthoses prescription. A 63% fall in computerized correction suggested by RSscan D3D software prescription was seen, based on running vs. walking gait. The findings of this study suggest that in the athletic population orthoses prescription should be based on dynamic assessment of running gait.

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