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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009 Dec 25;390(4):1322-7. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.10.145. Epub 2009 Oct 29.

Caveolae-mediated entry of Salmonella typhimurium in a human M-cell model.

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Department of Biochemistry, Chonnam National University Medical School, 5 Hakdong, Dongku, Gwangju 501-190, Republic of Korea.


Intestinal M cells in Peyer's patches, the specialized antigen-sampling cells of the mucosal immune system, are exploited by Salmonella and other pathogens as a route of invasion. Thus, M cells have attracted lots of attention as a major target of the mucosal immune system. Here, we report that caveolin-1 plays a crucial role in the entry of Salmonella into M cells. We established an in vitro M-like cell model in which polarized enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells created after co-culturing with the Raji B cell line that underwent a phenotypic switch to a form that morphologically and functionally resembles the specialized antigen-transporting M cells. Caveolin-1 was highly expressed in the M-like cells, while not in Caco-2 cells, and a great number of Salmonella infected caveolin-1-expressing M-like cells. To elucidate the role of caveolin-1 in the entry of Salmonella, we downregulated caveolin-1 expression by siRNA and analyzed the level of Salmonella transcytosis across the M-like cells. Transcytosis of Salmonella was markedly reduced by downregulation of caveolin-1 in the M-like cells. These results suggest that caveolin-1 is implicated in the gateway of microbial pathogens through M cells, and, thus, provides a new target of mucosal immunity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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