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Neuroimage. 2010 Feb 1;49(3):2238-47. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.10.058. Epub 2009 Oct 27.

Single-trial coupling of the gamma-band response and the corresponding BOLD signal.

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Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.


Oscillations in the gamma-band frequency range have been described to be more closely connected to hemodynamic changes as assessed with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) than other aspects of neuronal activity. In addition, gamma-band oscillations have attracted much interest during the last few years since they are thought to play a crucial role in many aspects of brain function related to perception and cognition. It was the aim of the present simultaneous EEG-fMRI study to identify brain regions specifically involved in the generation of the auditory gamma-band response (GBR) using single-trial coupling of EEG and fMRI. Ten healthy subjects participated in this study. Three different runs of an auditory choice reaction task with increasing difficulty were performed. Brain activity was recorded simultaneously with high density EEG (61 channels) and fMRI (1.5 T). BOLD correlates of the GBR have been predicted using the single-trial amplitude of the GBR. Reaction times (p<0.001), error rates (p<0.05) and self-ratings of task difficulty and effort demands (p<0.001) were related to the level of difficulty in the task. In addition, we found a significant influence of task difficulty on the amplitude of the GBR at Cz (p<0.05). Using single-trial coupling of EEG and fMRI GBR-specific activations were found only in the auditory cortex, the thalamus and the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in the most difficult run. Single-trial coupling might be a useful method in order to increase our knowledge about the functional neuroanatomy of "neural ensembles" coupled by 40 Hz oscillations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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