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BMC Cancer. 2009 Oct 30;9:384. doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-9-384.

Cooperation of decay-accelerating factor and membrane cofactor protein in regulating survival of human cervical cancer cells.

Author information

1
Clinical Laboratory, Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, Nanjing, PR China. highhigh20032003@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Decay-accelerating factor (DAF) and membrane cofactor protein (MCP) are the key molecules involved in cell protection against autologus complement, which restricts the action of complement at critical stages of the cascade reaction. The cooperative effect of DAF and MCP on the survival of human cervical cancer cell (ME180) has not been demonstrated.

METHODS:

In this study we applied, for the first time, short hairpin RNA (shRNA) to knock down the expression of the DAF and MCP with the aim of exploiting complement more effectively for tumor cell damage. Meanwhile, we investigated the cooperative effects of DAF and MCP on the viability and migration, moreover the proliferation of ME180 cell.

RESULTS:

The results showed that shRNA inhibition of DAF and MCP expression enhanced complement-dependent cytolysis (CDC) up to 39% for MCP and up to 36% for DAF, and the combined inhibition of both regulators yielded further additive effects in ME180 cells. Thus, the activities of DAF and MCP, when present together, are greater than the sum of the two protein individually.

CONCLUSION:

These data indicated that combined DAF and MCP shRNA described in this study may offer an additional alternative to improve the efficacy of antibody-and complement-based cancer immunotherapy.

PMID:
19878546
PMCID:
PMC2774863
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2407-9-384
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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