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Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2010 Dec;45(12):1167-77. doi: 10.1007/s00127-009-0160-z. Epub 2009 Oct 31.

Somatic distress among Kosovar civilian war survivors: relationship to trauma exposure and the mediating role of experiential avoidance.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands. n.morina@uva.nl

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The current study examined the prevalence and correlates of somatic distress (SD) in the aftermath of war, and the role of a process hypothesized to contribute to posttraumatic stress: experiential avoidance.

METHODS:

Civilian war survivors (n = 163) from Kosovo were assessed in structured interviews, reporting on average more than ten types of traumatic war exposure.

RESULTS:

One in eight (12.9%) of the participants meet criteria for SD, which was associated with greater psychological distress, experiential avoidance, and lower quality of life after accounting for the effects of war-related variables, demographic variables, as well as posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive episode. Experiential avoidance partially mediated the association between SD and psychological distress and quality of life.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results indicate that SD is prevalent among war-exposed civilians and that experiential avoidance may be a significant factor in understanding and treating traumatized people who are experiencing SD.

PMID:
19876580
DOI:
10.1007/s00127-009-0160-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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