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Carcinogenesis. 2009 Dec;30(12):2047-52. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgp258.

Genetic variations in PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway and bladder cancer risk.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Abstract

Genetic variations in phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)-AKT-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway may affect critical cellular functions and increase an individual's cancer risk. We systematically evaluate 231 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 19 genes in the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway as predictors of bladder cancer risk. In individual SNP analysis, four SNPs in regulatory associated protein of mTOR (RAPTOR) remained significant after correcting for multiple testing: rs11653499 [odds ratio (OR): 1.79, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.24-2.60, P = 0.002], rs7211818 (OR: 2.13, 95% CI: 1.35-3.36, P = 0.001), rs7212142 (OR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.19-2.07, P = 0.002) and rs9674559 (OR: 2.05, 95% CI: 1.31-3.21, P = 0.002), among which rs7211818 and rs9674559 are within the same haplotype block. In haplotype analysis, compared with the most common haplotypes, haplotype containing the rs7212142 wild-type allele showed a protective effect of bladder cancer (OR: 0.83, 95% CI: 0.70-0.97). In contrast, the haplotype containing the rs7211818 variant allele showed a 1.32-fold elevated bladder cancer risk (95% CI: 1.09-1.60). In combined analysis of three independent significant RAPTOR SNPs (rs11653499, rs7211818 and rs7212142), a significant trend was observed for increased risk with an increase in the number of unfavorable genotypes (P for trend <0.001). Compared with the subjects without any of the unfavorable genotypes, those carrying all three unfavorable genotypes showed a 2.22-fold (95% CI: 1.33-3.71) increased bladder cancer risk. This is the first study to evaluate the role of germ line genetic variations in PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway as cancer susceptibility factors that will help us identify high-risk individuals for bladder cancer.

PMID:
19875696
PMCID:
PMC2792319
DOI:
10.1093/carcin/bgp258
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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