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Am J Addict. 2009 Sep-Oct;18(5):386-92. doi: 10.3109/10550490903077747.

Is implementation of the 5 A's of smoking cessation at community mental health centers effective for reduction of smoking by patients with serious mental illness?

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University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Division of Services Research, 737 W Lombard St. Room 520, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.


We tested whether implementing the "5 A's" (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange) at six mental health centers reduces smoking among persons with serious mental illness. One hundred and fifty six patients were evaluated just before initiating the 5 A's and after six and 12 months. A delayed control condition evaluated 148 patients six months before 5 A's implementation, just before and then after six months. Six months of the 5 A's produced no effect. Modest cessation and reduction benefits were noted after 12 months. Implementing the 5 A's at community mental health centers may have modest benefit after twelve months.

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