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Fertil Steril. 1991 Jan;55(1):114-8.

The window of embryo transfer and the efficiency of human conception in vitro.

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Howard and Georgeanna Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical College, Norfolk.


Women with ovarian failure transferred with donated oocytes provide a unique in vivo model for the elucidation of the window of implantation and efficiency of reproduction in the human. Throughout 52 ovum donation cycles, the temporal window of endometrial receptivity was tested by replacing 2- to 12-cell embryos between days 16 and 24 of hormonally and histologically defined cycles. Of 37 transfers within days 17 to 19, 15 (40.5%) conceptions occurred. Twelve (32.4%) have reached viability. Of 11 patients transferred on days greater than or equal to 20, none conceived. Likewise, no pregnancies were achieved with 4 transfers on cycle day 16. Analysis of multiple embryo transfers within the suggested window of endometrial receptivity (days 17 to 19) revealed 14 of 24 (58.3%) to be conception cycles. considering only transfers with two or more embryos, at least one of which is of high quality (grades 1 to 2), yielded a 63.2% pregnancy rate. The results indicate a very high efficiency for in vitro fecundity provided optimal conditions are attained. The concepts leading to success in the ovum donation model should set the course for continued research toward improving results in other forms of assisted reproduction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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