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Sci Total Environ. 2009 Dec 20;408(2):267-71. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.10.001. Epub 2009 Oct 27.

Possible interaction between a rodenticide treatment and a pathogen in common vole (Microtus arvalis) during a population peak.

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1
Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos, CSIC-UCLM-JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s/n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain. mariadolors.vidal@uclm.es

Abstract

A common vole (Microtus arvalis) population peak in Northern Spain in 2007 was treated with large scale application of chlorophacinone, an anticoagulant rodenticide of the indandione family. Voles found dead and trapped alive were collected in treated and untreated areas. Residues of chlorophacinone were analyzed in liver of voles by HPLC-UV. Also, the presence of the pathogen Francisella tularensis was analyzed by PCR in samples of vole spleen. Chlorophacinone (82-3800 ng/g; wet weight liver) was only detected in voles found dead in treated areas (55.5%). The prevalence of F. tularensis in voles found dead in treated areas was also particularly high (66.7%). Moreover, chlorophacinone levels were lower in voles that were PCR-positive for F. tularensis (geometric mean [95% CI], 418 [143-1219] ng/g) than in those that were PCR-negative (1084 [581-2121] ng/g). Interactions between pathogens and rodenticides might be considered to reduce the doses used in baits or to avoid the use of the more toxic 2nd generation anticoagulant rodenticides.

PMID:
19863999
DOI:
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.10.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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