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Acta Paediatr. 2010 Feb;99(2):188-93. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2009.01563.x. Epub 2009 Oct 26.

Implementation of a multidisciplinary guideline-driven approach to the care of the extremely premature infant improved hospital outcomes.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

Abstract

AIM:

To test the hypothesis that implementing guidelines for the standardized care of the extremely premature infant (<27 weeks) in the first week of life would improve patient outcomes in an all referral NICU.

METHODS:

Data were collected on all infants <27 weeks gestational age and <7 days of age on admission cared for using these small baby guidelines (SBG), as well as on all age-matched infants admitted the year prior (comparison).

RESULTS:

Thirty-seven patients were cared for utilizing the SBG and 40 patients were in the comparison group. There were no differences between the groups in gestational age, birthweight or age on admission. There was no difference in survival to discharge (73% SBG, 70% comparison). The mean length of stay for survivors was 112 +/- 38 days SBG and 145 +/- 76 days (p < 0.05) comparison group. Survival without BPD was greater in the SBG group (24%) than in the comparison group (9%; p < 0.05), and survival without severe IVH was greater in the SBG group (65%) than in the comparison group (38%; p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

These data demonstrate that applying a unified approach to the care of the extremely premature infant in the first week of life resulted in a decrease in the length of hospitalization and improved patient outcomes.

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