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Horm Metab Res. 2010 Feb;42(2):81-7. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1241862. Epub 2009 Oct 27.

COUP-TFII is regulated by high glucose in endothelial cells.

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Department of Medicine III, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Dresden University of Technology, Germany.


Diabetes mellitus is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Clinical evidence supports a link between hyperglycemia, endothelial dysfunction, and vascular disorders. However, the precise molecular mechanisms causing endothelial dysfunction in diabetic patients remain unclear. An interesting novel mediator could be chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor II (COUP-TFII), which plays an essential role in glucose metabolism. COUP-TFII is known to be expressed in venous endothelial cells. In this study, we show COUP-TFII expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human coronary artery endothelial cells. HUVECs express glucose transporters 1, 3, 6, and 10, and the insulin receptor. Insulin in combination with glucose activates protein kinase B (PKB or Akt) phosphorylation via phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-kinase). Short-term (60-240 min) stimulation of HUVECs with high glucose increased COUP-TFII expression independent of insulin. Long-term (48 h) stimulation of HUVECs with high glucose augmented expression of the insulin receptor and E-selectin, but downregulated COUP-TFII protein expression. Downregulation of COUP-TFII by shRNA leads to downregulation of E-selectin and upregulation of eNOS and glucose transporters. Our data suggest that COUP-TFII is regulated by glucose in a time- and dose-dependent manner in endothelial cells. COUP-TFII might affect endothelial function in a diabetic background.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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