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Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Nov;81(5):834-41. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0131.

Phase 1 trial of the dengue virus type 4 vaccine candidate rDEN4{Delta}30-4995 in healthy adult volunteers.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.


rDEN4Delta30-4995 is a live attenuated dengue virus type 4 (DENV4) vaccine candidate specifically designed as a further attenuated derivative of the rDEN4Delta30 parent virus. In a previous study, 5 of 20 vaccinees who received 10(5) plaque-forming units (PFU) of rDEN4Delta30 developed a transient elevation of the serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level and an asymptomatic maculopapular rash developed in 10 of 20. In the current study, 28 healthy adult volunteers were randomized to receive 10(5) PFU of rDEN4Delta30-4995 (20) or placebo (8) as a single subcutaneous injection. The vaccine was safe, well-tolerated, and immunogenic. An asymptomatic generalized maculopapular rash and elevations in ALT levels were observed in 10% of the rDEN4Delta30-4995 vaccinees. None of the rDEN4Delta30-4995 vaccinees became viremic, yet 95% developed a four-fold or greater increase in neutralizing antibody titers. Thus, rDEN4Delta30-4995 was demonstrated to be safe, highly attenuated, and immunogenic. However, an asymptomatic localized erythematous rash at the injection site was seen in 17/20 rDEN4Delta30-4995 vaccinees. Therefore, alternative DENV4 vaccine strains were selected for further clinical development.

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