Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2010 Mar;54(3):321-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-6576.2009.02140.x. Epub 2009 Oct 26.

Postoperative impact of regular tobacco use, smoking or snuffing, a prospective multi-center study.

Author information

1
Department of Anaesthesia, Institute for Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Mölndal, Göteborg, Sweden. metha.brattwall@vgregion.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim was to study the effects of different tobacco administration routes on pain and post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV), following three common day surgical procedures: cosmetic breast augmentation (CBA), inguinal hernia repair (IHR) and arthroscopic procedures (AS). We have prospectively investigated the effects of regular tobacco use in ambulatory surgery.

METHODS:

The 355 allocated patients were followed during recovery and the first day at home.

RESULTS:

Thirty-two percent of the patients used tobacco regularly, 33% of CBA, 27% of IHR and 34% of AS. Pain was well controlled in the post-anesthesia care unit at rest; during ambulation, 37% of all patients reported VAS>3. Tobacco use had no impact on early post-operative pain. Post-operative nausea was experienced by 30% of patients during recovery while in hospital. On day 1, 14% experienced nausea. We found a significant reduction of PONV among tobacco users (smoking and/or snuffing). Smoking or snuffing reduced the risk of PONV by nearly 50% in both genders on the day of surgery and at the first day at home. The reduction of PONV was equal, regardless of tobacco administration routes.

CONCLUSION:

We found that regular use of tobacco, both by smoking and snuffing, had a significant effect on PONV during the early post-operative period. Non-tobacco users undergoing breast surgery were found to have the highest risk for PONV. We could not see any influence of nicotine use on post-operative pain. Thus, it seems of value to identify regular tobacco use, not only smoking, as a part of the pre-operative risk assessment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center