Send to

Choose Destination
ACS Nano. 2009 Nov 24;3(11):3421-30. doi: 10.1021/nn900799v.

Growth velocity and direct length-sorted growth of short single-walled carbon nanotubes by a metal-catalyst-free chemical vapor deposition process.

Author information

Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, P. R. China.


We report on the observation of a very low growth velocity of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and consequently the direct length-sorted growth and patterned growth of SWNTs by using a metal-catalyst-free chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process proposed recently by our group, in which SiO(2) serves as catalyst. We found that the growth velocity of the SWNTs from SiO(2) catalyst is only 8.3 nm/s, which is about 300 times slower than that of the commonly used iron group catalysts (Co as a counterpart catalyst in this study). Such a slow growth velocity renders direct length-sorted growth of SWNTs, especially for short SWNTs with hundreds of nanometers in length. By simply adjusting the growth duration, SWNTs with average lengths of 149, 342, and 483 nm were selectively obtained and SWNTs as short as approximately 20 nm in length can be grown directly. Moreover, comparative studies indicate that the SiO(2) catalyst possesses a much longer catalytic active time, showing sharp contrast with the commonly used Co catalyst which quickly loses its catalytic activity. Taking advantage of the very slow growth velocity of the SiO(2) catalyst, patterned growth of SWNT networks confined in a narrow region of <5 microm was also achieved. The short SWNTs may show intriguing physics owing to their finite length effect and are attractive for various practical applications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center