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Cell Cycle. 2009 Nov 15;8(22):3742-9. Epub 2009 Nov 10.

Cep55 stabilization is required for normal execution of cytokinesis.

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1
Signal Transduction Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Abstract

Cep55 is a mitotic phosphoprotein that plays an important role in cytokinesis, the final stage of cell division during which physical separation of the two daughter cells is accomplished. We recently demonstrated that the peptidyl-prolyl isomerase Pin1 regulates this cell cycle event by enhancing the Plk1-dependent phosphorylation of Cep55. We show here that Cep55 is stabilized post-translationally during mitosis and that siRNA-mediated knockdown of Pin1 prevents this stabilization. Consistent with this, Cep55 is unstable in Pin1 knockout mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Moreover, mutation of the Pin1 binding sites in Cep55 reduces its stability during mitosis. Mutation of the Plk1 phosphorylation site also lowers Cep55 stability, whereas overexpression of Plk1 increases Cep55 levels, in keeping with Pin1 regulating Plk1-mediated phosphorylation of Cep55. Importantly, expression of wild-type Cep55 at levels similar to that of the phosphorylation mutants only partially reverts the cytokinesis defect induced by depletion of Cep55, indicating that inadequate levels of Cep55 prevent proper execution of cytokinesis. Taken together, these data provide more insight into the regulation of the final stages of cell division. As cytokinesis defects can cause chromosomal instability, knowledge about the processes that regulate normal cytokinesis adds to our understanding of events that lead to tumorigenesis.

PMID:
19855176
DOI:
10.4161/cc.8.22.10047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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