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Bioresour Technol. 2010 Mar;101(6):1668-74. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.09.083. Epub 2009 Oct 24.

Biosorption of cadmium by endophytic fungus (EF) Microsphaeropsis sp. LSE10 isolated from cadmium hyperaccumulator Solanum nigrum L.

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1
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

A novel technology to obtain highly efficient biosorbent from the endophytes of a hyperaccumulator is reported. This technology is more convenient than the traditional method of obtaining biosorbents by experimentally screening many types of biomass by trial and error. Using this technology, endophytic fungus (EF) LSE10 was isolated from the cadmium hyperaccumulator Solanum nigrum L. It was identified as Microsphaeropsis sp. When cultured in vitro, the biomass yield of this EF was more than twice that of none-endophytic fungus (NEF) Rhizopus cohnii. Subsequently, it was used as a biosorbent for biosorption of cadmium from the aqueous solution. The results showed that the maximum biosorption capacity was 247.5mg/g (2.2 mmol/g) which was much higher than those of other adsorbents, including biosorbents and activated carbon. Carboxyl, amino, sulphonate and hydroxyl groups on EF LSE10 surface were responsible for the biosorption of cadmium.

PMID:
19854641
DOI:
10.1016/j.biortech.2009.09.083
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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